The Sultana was a Mississippi River steamboat paddle wheeler destroyed in an explosion on April 27, 1865. This resulted in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history.
An estimated 1,800 of the 2,400 passengers were killed when three of the boat’s four boilers exploded and the Sultana sank near Memphis.
This disaster received little public attention, as it took place soon after the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln and about three weeks after the end of the Civil War.
Sultana Disaster Museum
The purpose of the Sultana Disaster Museum is to tell the story of what happened April 27, 1865, and what led up to it. It is the story of the steamboat and the route it took.
It is also the story of those men who were freed from Andersonville and Cahaba prisoner of war camps and how, and why, they were crowded on a grossly overloaded boat.
The event and the aftermath were a tragedy in many ways, not just a boat exploding.
The Forgotten Tragedy
The Sultana was a Mississippi River paddlewheel steamboat whose destruction in an explosion on April 27, 1865, the greatest maritime disaster in United States history.
Over 1,800 of the Sultana’s 2,300 passengers were killed when three of the boat’s boilers exploded and the Sultana sank just north of Marion, Arkansas.
Most of the passengers were paroled Union soldiers just released from Andersonville and Cahaba Confederate prison camps.
The US government had contracted with Sultana to transport these former prisoners of war back to their homes in Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, and other states.
Most of the passengers had been weakened by their incarnation and associated illnesses. With a legal capacity of only 376, Sultana was severely and dangerously overloaded.
The Sultana Disaster Museum focuses on the steamboat itself, the passengers- who they were and where they came from, and the aftermath of the disaster. The museum is located at 104 Washington Street Marion, Arkansas 72364.
Food & Lodging
Marion has a wide variety of places to grab a bite to eat. Whether you’re looking for Mexican, Italian, Chinese, or classic American cuisine, you can find it here.
Marion is also home to several hotels, including the brand new Hampton Inn and an RV park, all with easy access to Interstate 55 that puts Memphis attractions within easy reach.
The future Sultana Disaster Museum will provide the exhibit space for additional artifacts and interactive exhibits.
With higher ceiling heights, LED lighting, and precise temperature and humidity control, the new museum will be able to demonstrate the conditions which caused the boiler explosions, show the workings of the steamboat propulsion, allow the display of fragile materials, and many other exhibit to enhance the visitors understanding of the greatest maritime disaster in United States history.
Are you looking for the best SWF Players? Do you have an SWF file on your system that you need to play? You’re in the right place.
We present you with the best SWF Players to solve any playing issues you might have.
What are the SWF Players?
SWF Players are Shockwave Flash Players. They are players that play SWF files.
Here’s how to think about it. Some videos come as .mp4 file format. Almost any media player can play those videos. On the other hand, some SWF files require unique Players, the SWF players herein.
These videos need an SWF player to play them. This accounts for the reason is why SWF players are so important.
What are the SWF Files?
SWF files are Small Web Format files. They are mostly multimedia played on web browsers. They can be used to create content- multimedia content. These files can be opened automatically on web browsers like Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox.
However, the SWF files can’t be played offline. You will need an offline player to play them. This is why you need the best SWF Players to play your SWF files.
Uses of SWF Players
The main function of SWF Players lies in their unique abilities to play SWF files. However, most of the SWF players are not limited to performing these functions.
Check out some of the other uses of the SWF Players:
SWF players allow for streaming and download of SWF files. Some of them play files in different formats as well.
SWF players can also function as regular video/audio players.
The Best 5 SWF Players
Check out some of the best 5 SWF players you can use to play your SWF files:
VLC is one of the most efficient players in the world. It gives you everything you need in a media player. VLC supports just about any file format. It doesn’t lag or delay. It can also serve to optimize your video playbacks. Cool Right? That is not all. The best part is that VLC keeps providing updates that help improve your experience as a user.
VLC is free to use by everyone
VLC supports other file formats. i.e., 3GP, AVI, OGG, VOB, DVD video, etc.
VLC can convert videos from one format to the other.
You can increase its features via plugins
You can play your videos at a 200% volume.
It’s not easy to edit video information
The 5K player works for both Windows and Mac. One of its great features is that it supports Airplay and DLNA. Besides providing a solution to the SWF file crisis, the 5K player also supports other kinds of multimedia.
It supports other formats apart from the SWF file i.e., MP4, WMV, AVI, MKV, AAC, WMA, etc.
The SWF player supports videos from multiple online channels.
The 5K player can be used to download videos.
It is entirely free to use.
It has several shortcuts for easy navigation.
Beginners find it confusing to use at first sometimes
Adobe Flash Player
The Adobe flash player allows you the opportunity to stream animations and videos online at the best quality. It is one of those players that work on both Windows and macOS systems.
It now supports H.264 videos
Adobe Flash Player also supports HE-AAC audios now.
It works well on both Windows and macOS.
It displays its graphics on 3D
Crashes, though on very few occasions.
The frequent need to update them might bother and disturb you sometimes.
SWF File Player
The SWF player was designed for one principal purpose: to play SWF Files. It plays online games and videos without issues.
The SWF Player doesn’t take much space on your system. It is only about 1MB in size.
You can do anything with the SWF files you’re watching. You can pause the file, loop it, forward the online video, or rewind it.
It is built for SWF files only. It plays FLV also, but just that.
It is not compatible with macOS.
Elmedia Player is another dominant player, just like the VLC player. It can play any format of files of video and audio. Also, it is compatible with macOS. It is most often regarded as the best for macOS. There is a web browser built in the app.
This app gives you the freedom to watch videos online from Elmedia. It has a regular version and a pro version. The pro version costs $19.95. With this pro version, you can download just about any video.
This video can be in any format. You can also make screenshots and adjust audios on the pro edition.
Elmedia Player can play any file format.
It works smoothly for macOS systems- Mac × 10.7, Mac × 10.8, Mac other.
You won’t enjoy the full features of the SWF player if you don’t subscribe to the Pro.
Should you get an SWF Player?
You might not need an SWF player. However, from time to time, you might come across a .swf file. You don’t want to be stranded when this happens. Even if you don’t need it now, you should have an SWF Player on your system. Just in case.
Other SWF Players you can use
This is just a list of the top 5 SWF you can use. There are a lot of other SWF Players you can use to play and download your online videos and multimedia. You can check out any of these online, downloads, install, and see how you like them.
AnyMP4 Blu-ray Player
Aurora Blu-ray Player
Jihosoft SWF Converter (for Mac)
How to use an SWF Player
To use an SWF Player, you just have to follow some simple and necessary steps:
Download a suitable SWF player.
Install the software and launch it.
Import the SWF file to the software. You can do this by dragging and dropping the data onto the software.
After you have imported the SWF file into the player, you are good to go. Start enjoying the full benefits of your SWF player.
The process works for both Windows and macOS systems.
Take your online multimedia experience to the next level
You never have to worry again about those SWF files you’ve been unable to view in the past. Now, you can play anything you want to. Get the best SWF players today and start enjoying the best of online multimedia.
Not too long ago, writers had to rely on a detailed notebook to get ideas for their characters. It was an effective process. But it took a lot of time.
It’s somewhat stressful having to carry a notebook everywhere you go. It’s also not the best spending each moment trying to capture and add flesh to some sort of character in bloom.
At the end of the day, most writers still found no luck in coming up with three-dimensional characters. It was a big problem until the random character generator came and provided a solution.
What is a Random Character Generator
A random character generator is a tool you can use to create your characters and add more flesh to them. As the name implies, it randomly generates characters.
If you find it a little difficult to create a detailed profile for your characters, don’t fret. Just check out some random character generators. They can help you with whatever story you’re trying to tell.
Why do you need a random character generator
Aren’t you tired of spending the whole time trying to come up with characters? It’s not like you can’t. But, the random character generator helps to increase the speed of your drafting.
You can choose to use the characters as introduced. The random character generator can open up a world of ideas for you when writing your story.
Random character generators you can use
Perhaps you want to use the random character generator, check out some of these ones that you can use to improve the depth of your story.
There are random character generator websites. These websites can help you generate characters for your story.
The functions of these websites range from creating character names to building a full and detailed biography about them.
Here are some random character generators sites that we recommend:
There are some applications that are made to specifically improve the depth of your stories. This includes creating characters and generating a profile for them. If you use a mobile, you can install some of these apps and see how you like them:
RPG Character Generator
ePic Character Generator
Character Generator Pro
Be sure to check them out and ease yourself through that character generation process.
How to use a random character generator
To use a random character generator, all you need to do is to pay a visit to these websites or apps. Then you enter a few details about your characters.
On some of these random character generators, you might need to enter some details before you can proceed. Some others will allow you to generate a character completely at random.
When you have gotten your character, you can then tweak some of the details about them. You can do this till you’re satisfied or generate another random character altogether.
Make your plotting easier with random character generators
Storytelling has never been easier. Well-rounded characters provide the much-needed insight to keep your plot rolling. They are even more functional when working through subplots and B-stories.
So, get a random character generator today. Do more of what you’ve always loved. The world awaits your story.
The number of people living with Dementia is on the rise. Adults are the primary patient of this bothering ailment.
Many dementia patients reside in Long Term Care, LTC.
With the increase in the number of admissions to LTC, naturally, there’ll be an increase in the demand for personnels who are well trained in handling dementia cases.
An understanding of the what Dementia represents is fundamental to this discuss. This brings us to the question of what dementia is
What is Dementia
When we talk about Dementia, what comes to mind is memory loss. Dementia goes beyond just memory loss. It is the changes in memory, thinking, mood, and behavior. The word Dementia does not refer to a particular disease.
It is a general term used to refer to a range of medical conditions, complications at that. There are many causes of Dementia. However, Alzheimer’s disease and Vascular Dementia are the most common cause.
According to statistics, Alzheimer accounts for close to 80% of reported dementia cases. So, how do you know when people have Dementia?
Some early signs of Dementia are;
Short term memory loss
Issues with keeping track with necessary activities
Depreciating analytical skills
If you notice any of these signs, it becomes paramount that you visit your doctor.
What is Dementia Training
Dementia training is an exercise or a program set up by seasoned professionals to train people who want to either become an LCT professional or just want to improve their knowledge of Dementia.
Dementia training is not very broad, but it is very detailed, it takes students through different symptoms of Dementia. It also helps to identify the early signs, the effects of Dementia, and how it influences moods and communication of its patients.
Dementia training also covers how to set up and develop a relationship with people affected by Dementia. After undergoing the training, the student should be able to
Spot a dementia patient
Manage good relationship with people living with Dementia
Understand how dementia patients think and feel.
General Care for Dementia
Taking care of someone with Dementia is not an easy task; you have to make up your mind to handle whatever your patient throws at you. Here are some tips that might help:
Avoid Getting Frustrated
People with Dementia can quickly push you to the wall, caring for them seems like a loop because you have to keep repeating the same thing over and over again. You have to understand that it is not their fault, and they need your help.
Let Them Have Their Way
Sometimes you just have to let them have their way to be flexible and allow their desire to take center stage; however, we have to be creative about it. If there refuse to eat a particular meal, offer them other varieties of food until they eat so that they won’t starve.
Ensure the Environment is Safe
Severe Dementia put patients in vulnerable to accidents. So you have to be very cautious, prevent falls, keep sharp objects away, ensure that the water temperature is perfect, and use a lock when necessary.
Social media has gone a long way in influencing every aspect of our lives. It has especially influenced our democracy.
Social media has had some positive impacts on our democracy. But it has had some negative impacts on it as well.
How can social media be manipulated to undermine Democracy?
Here are some of the ways social media manages to undermine Democracy:
Social Media can influence people’s decisions on who to vote for:
Remember what happened in the 2016 US Presidential election?
Facebook released some certain information about certain people. This information allowed some certain people to target a certain demographic and in turn influence who they voted for. You get the idea.
That is, of course, the wrong use of people’s privacy on social media. The site paid a huge fine for that, but at least you get a picture of what social media can do when used wrong.
Social media is powerful and can be used deliberately to achieve feats like this. People’s decisions should not be influenced. Information alters one’s mental state. It is safe to say that the leader is not exactly who the people might have wanted.
And the fact is, as long as Social media exists, there will always be the possibility of things like these happening.
It’s quite simple. The social media runs of information. It holds a web of uses together, all interconnected, sharing news and information. It might be somewhat easy for untrue speculations to be distributed on any of those platforms.
Even the truth can be manipulated before it is discharged. It can be wrung until it becomes a lie. At the mildest, it becomes an inaccurate description of what is being depicted.
What happens when untrue information is spread? It all depends on the message or purpose of the manipulation. People might lose faith in the opposition party’s manifestos. They can also lose hope in an elected democracy of the nation in general.
The worst part is that some people might lose interest in democracy. This can cause them to embrace apathy in its fullest.
Building Misconstrued Participation in Democracy:
Social Media can create the pseudo impression that one is partaking in the country’s democracy when he is not. Give it some thought.
Ranting is okay. Everyone does that from time to time. But there are a bunch of people that won’t go out to vote when the time comes. All they do mostly is engage in banter on social media.
Are they participating in the country’s politics? Feels like it, but they’re not!
Citizenship obligations need to be performed, and that can’t be done via news feeds. At least, not until we start to carry out elections with social media.
A rising wave of petitioners:
social media can be used to destabilize an aspect of the country’s democracy through petitioning.
We live in an age where online petitions are shared and distributed via social media. These petitions can have a great effect on democracy. This could be from sparking some minor conversations to fanning major impeachment flames.
Effects of Manipulating Social Media to Undermine Democracy
Limited room for Stealth Actions:
Almost everything is publicized these days. There’s little or no room for the government of a democracy to take some core actions without the public knowing about it. Once one set of people knows, almost everybody knows.
The big reveal:
Social media succeeded in scratching that gap that existed between the government and its people. Think about it, there was once a time when the news could be obtained only through print. The Newspapers were mostly circulated in the morning. And even that news and information were sometimes doctored to portray democracy in the best light possible.
But now, news travels in real-time. There is a wider reach, a wider spread, and dissemination of information. Everyone knows what is going on- including you.
Therefore, in a certain sense, social media uncovers some certain incompetence of the democracy which has been hidden from the public for so long.
No room for a slack democracy:
Imagine someone watching your every move. Feels rather awkward, doesn’t it? Anyway, chances are, you won’t want to make a mistake.
Democracy is now under the watchful eyes of Social Media. Any mistake goes a long way in deciding how effective a tenure might be.
A president can be impeached from office because of a single moment of weakness that goes viral on the media. To the people, it might be beneficial. To the government, maybe not so much.
There’s information at the fingertips, everything is being recorded these days. Spreading fast across continents.
It is easy to see what is going on in other countries. They can come up to say, “Hey, see what is going on in this country, we also want something like that here as well.”
When this happens, people begin to make unrealistic demands. This could be of their government or their democracy in general.
At the end of the day, if these voices succeed in their cries, some things change. For example, the overall structure of a country’s democracy can change. New rules might be implemented and the constitution of the country might undergo a major review.
It is not strange that social media carries this much weight. It is, after all, a community, and what is as powerful as a community that comes together.
Social media has been manipulated in times past to undermine democracy. Sadly, this might not be the end of it.
We can only hope that these manipulations are not employed negatively but positively. Hopefully, it will be used to the effect of helping to improve the quality of the democracies of nations across our country and beyond, to the farthest reaches of the globe.
Before you can understand what Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is, first you need to know what most of our essential utilities contain.
Do you know that some of the basic things we use are not as safe as they seem? We make use of different utilities like; perfume, detergents, pesticides, shampoo, paints, etc.
Despite using these substances for our day to day activities, they are not safe. They contain different synthetic chemicals, like ethanol, strong acids to mention a few. These chemicals have different levels of risks.
Despite the dangers, they are still legal. This is because they are essential components, and their side effects can be contained.
With the use of ethanol in most of our household items, people need a guide on how to use these items. This is where MSDS comes in. These synthetic chemicals may not have an immediate effect.
Still, in the long term, they can cause severe damage, so it is the responsibility of MSDS to inform the user of these products about the impending risks.
MSDS is a sheet or document that provides users of a product detailed instruction on how to handle the product. It contains both fundamental and technical information about the product.
MSDS also includes essential information like protective measures, storage, and disposal information.
Structure of a Good MSDS
Most countries require that MSDS sheets should have the following structure:
· Product name
· Hazardous ingredients
· Physical data
· Explosion warning
· Reactivity details
· Toxicology data
· Preventive measures
· Emergency/ first aid methods
· Preparation information
What every MSDS should contain is, detailed information on the risk involved with using a product, and how to handle emergencies.
Importance of MSDS Sheet for Ethanol
MSDS is beneficial to both the manufacturer of ethanol and the end-user. For the manufacturer, it keeps them away from legal battles, and for the user of the product, it instructs them on how to use the product. It also reduces risk and handle its side effects.
Ethanol is a commonly used chemical. It is used in many of our beauty products, perfumes, nail polish, and medicines. But, if not correctly handled, ethanol is very dangerous.
It is inflammable and can cause health complications. With a detailed MSDS, people will be able to reduce the risk of using ethanol.
Uses of MSDS Sheet for Ethanol
The purpose of MSDS is to describe possible risks, enlighten users of the possibility of these risks happening and methods of hazard. It also provides users with information as regards the toxicity, flammability, storage conditions as well as the physical and chemical properties of the product.
As previously mentioned, ethanol is flammable, so handling raw ethanol or products with ethanol, the user needs a guide and that is exactly what MSDS does.
For International CHEMTREC assistance, call:703-527-3887
Hazard Symbols:F Risk Phrases: 11
Appearance: colorless clear liquid. Flash Point: 16.6 deg C. Flammable liquid and vapor.May cause central nervous system depression. Causes severe eye irritation. Causes respiratory tract irritation. Causes moderate skin irritation.
This substance has caused adverse reproductive and fetal effects in humans. Warning! May cause liver, kidney and heart damage.
Target Organs: Kidneys, heart, central nervous system, liver.
Potential Health Effects
Eye: Causes severe eye irritation. May cause painful sensitization to light. May cause chemical conjunctivitis and corneal damage.
Skin: Causes moderate skin irritation. May cause cyanosis of the extremities.
Ingestion: May cause gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. May cause systemic toxicity with acidosis. May cause central nervous system depression, characterized by excitement, followed by headache, dizziness, drowsiness, and nausea. Advanced stages may cause collapse, unconsciousness, coma and possible death due to respiratory failure.
Inhalation: Inhalation of high concentrations may cause central nervous system effects characterized by nausea, headache, dizziness, unconsciousness and coma. Causes respiratory tract irritation. May cause narcotic effects in high concentration. Vapors may cause dizziness or suffocation.
Chronic: May cause reproductive and fetal effects. Laboratory experiments have resulted in mutagenic effects. Animal studies have reported the development of tumors. Prolonged exposure may cause liver, kidney, and heart damage.
Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid. Gently lift eyelids and flush continuously with water.
Skin: Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
Ingestion: Do NOT induce vomiting. If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation: Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If
breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid. Do NOT use mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Notes to Physician: Treat symptomatically and supportively. Persons with skin or eye disorders or liver, kidney, chronic respiratory diseases, or central and peripheral nervous sytem diseases may be at increased risk from exposure to this substance.
Antidote: Replace fluid and electrolytes.
General Information: Containers can build up pressure if exposed to heat and/or fire. As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. Vapors may form an explosive mixture with air. Vapors can travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Will burn if involved in a fire.
Flammable Liquid. Can release vapors that form explosive mixtures at temperatures above the flashpoint. Use water spray to keep fire-exposed containers cool. Containers may explode in the heat of a fire.
Extinguishing Media:For small fires, use dry chemical, carbon dioxide, water spray or alcohol-resistant foam. For large fires, use water spray, fog, or alcohol-resistant foam. Use water spray to cool fire-exposed containers. Water may be ineffective. Do NOT use straight streams of water.
Flash Point: 16.6 deg C ( 61.88 deg F)
Autoignition Temperature: 363 deg C ( 685.40 deg F)
General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks: Absorb spill with inert material (e.g. vermiculite, sand or earth), then place in suitable container. Remove all sources of ignition. Use a spark-proof tool. Provide ventilation. A vapor suppressing foam may be used to reduce vapors.
Handling: Wash thoroughly after handling. Use only in a well-ventilated area. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Use spark-proof tools and explosion proof equipment. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Empty containers retain product residue, (liquid and/or vapor), and can be dangerous. Keep container tightly closed.
Avoid contact with heat, sparks and flame. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Do not pressurize, cut, weld, braze, solder, drill, grind, or expose empty containers to heat, sparks or open flames.
Storage: Keep away from heat, sparks, and flame. Keep away from sources of ignition. Store in a tightly closed container. Keep from contact with oxidizing materials. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Flammables-area. Do not store near perchlorates, peroxides, chromic acid or nitric acid.
Engineering Controls:Use explosion-proof ventilation equipment. Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
OSHA – Final PELs
1000 ppm TWA
1000 ppm TWA; 1900 mg/m3 TWA 3300 ppm IDLH
1000 ppm TWA; 1900 mg/m3 TWA
OSHA Vacated PELs: Ethyl alcohol: 1000 ppm TWA; 1900 mg/m3 TWA Water: No OSHA Vacated PELs are listed for this chemical.
Personal Protective Equipment
Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA’s eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin: Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing: Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators: A respiratory protection program that meets OSHA’s 29 CFR 1910.134 and ANSI Z88.2 requirements or European Standard EN 149 must be followed whenever workplace conditions warrant a respirator’s use.
Physical State: Clear liquid
Odor: Mild, rather pleasant, like wine or whis
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: 59.3 mm Hg @ 20 deg C
Vapor Density: 1.59 Evaporation Rate:Not available. Viscosity: 1.200 cP @ 20 deg C Boiling Point: 78 deg C
Freezing/Melting Point:-114.1 deg C Decomposition Temperature:Not available. Solubility: Miscible.
Specific Gravity/Density:0.790 @ 20°C
Molecular Formula:C2H5OH Molecular Weight:46.0414
Chemical Stability: Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid: Incompatible materials, ignition sources, excess heat, oxidizers.
ACGIH: A4 – Not Classifiable as a Human Carcinogen CAS# 7732-18-5: Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, NIOSH, NTP, or OSHA.
Epidemiology: Ethanol has been shown to produce fetotoxicity in the embry o or fetus of laboratory animals. Prenatal exposure to ethanol is associated with a distinct pattern of co ngenital malformations that have collecetively been termed the “fetal alcohol syndrome”.
Teratogenicity: Oral, Human – woman: TDLo = 41 gm/kg (female 41 week(s) after conception) Effects on Newborn – Apgar score (human only) and Effects on Newborn – other neonatal measures or effects and Effects on Newborn – drug dependence.
Reproductive Effects: Intrauterine, Human – woman: TDLo = 200 mg/kg (female 5 day(s) pre-mating) Fertility – female fertility index (e.g. # females pregnant per # sperm positive females; # females pregnant per # females mated).
Other Studies: Standard Draize Test(Skin, rabbit) = 20 mg/24H (Moderate) S tandard Draize Test: Administration into the eye (rabbit) = 500 mg (Severe).
Ecotoxicity: Fish: Rainbow trout: LC50 = 12900-15300 mg/L; 96 Hr; Flow-through @ 24-24.3°C Rainbow trout: LC50 = 11200 mg/L; 24 Hr; Fingerling (Unspecified) ria: Phytobacterium phosphoreum: EC50 = 34900 mg/L; 5-30 min; Microtox test When spilled on land it is apt to volatilize, biodegrade, and leach into the ground water, but no data on the rates of these processes could be found. Its fate in ground water is unknown. When released into water it will volatilize and probably biodegrade. It would not be expected to adsorb to sediment or bioconcentrate in fish.
Environmental: When released to the atmosphere it will photodegrade in hours (polluted urban atmosphere) to an estimated range of 4 to 6 days in less polluted areas. Rainout should be significant.
Physical: No information available.
Other: No information available.
Chemical waste generators must determine whether a discarded chemical is classified as a hazardous waste. US EPA guidelines for the classification determination are listed in 40 CFR Parts 261.3. Additionally, waste generators must consult state and local hazardous waste regulations to ensure complete and accurate classification.
RCRA P-Series: None listed.
RCRA U-Series: None listed.
No information available.
CAS# 64-17-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory. CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on the TSCA inventory. Health & Safety Reporting List
None of the chemicals are on the Health & Safety Reporting List.
Chemical Test Rules
None of the chemicals in this product are under a Chemical Test Rule.
None of the chemicals are listed under TSCA Section 12b.
TSCA Significant New Use Rule
None of the chemicals in this material have a SNUR under TSCA.
CERCLA Hazardous Substances and corresponding RQs
None of the chemicals in this material have an RQ.
SARA Section 302 Extremely Hazardous Substances
None of the chemicals in this product have a TPQ.
CAS # 64-17-5: acute, chronic, flammable.
No chemicals are reportable under Section 313.
Clean Air Act:
This material does not contain any hazardous air pollutants. This material does not contain any Class 1 Ozone depletors. This material does not contain any Class 2 Ozone depletors.
Clean Water Act:
Clean Water Act:
None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Hazardous Substances under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Priority Pollutants under the CWA. None of the chemicals in this product are listed as Toxic Pollutants under the CWA.
None of the chemicals in this product are considered highly hazardous by OSHA.
CAS# 64-17-5 can be found on the following state right to know lists: California, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Minnesota, Massachusetts.
CAS# 7732-18-5 is not present on state lists from CA, PA, MN, MA, FL, or NJ.
WARNING: This product contains Ethyl alcohol, a chemical known to the state of California to cause birth defects or other reproductive harm. California No Significant Risk Level: None of the chemicals in this product are listed.
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives Hazard Symbols:
R 11 Highly flammable.
S 16 Keep away from sources of ignition – No smoking.
S 33 Take precautionary measures against static discharges.
S 7 Keep container tightly closed.
S 9 Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 64-17-5: 0
CAS# 7732-18-5: No information available.
Canada – DSL/NDSL
CAS# 64-17-5 is listed on Canada’s DSL List. CAS# 7732-18-5 is listed on Canada’s DSL List. Canada – WHMIS
This product has a WHMIS classification of B2, D2A, D2B.
Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List
CAS# 64-17-5 is listed on the Canadian Ingredient Disclosure List.
, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNA
M check ACGI TLV
MSDS Creation Date: 4/17/2001
Revision #1 Date: 4/17/2001
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Have you always been fantasizing about having the best sleigh ride of your life? Probably you’ve been wondering where you could go in the winter of this coming year.
Your search is over! It’s about time you stopped fantasizing and make your dream a reality.
If you’re looking for the best place to be in winter this year, there’s no better place than Vermont.
Vermont offers the best sleigh rides for a romantic time and a blissful time with yourself or your family.
So whether you’re a citizen or an adventure lover, pack your bags and get ready for a trip to Vermont. We present you some of our favorite spots for the best sleigh rides in Vermont.
1. Trapp Family Lodge
Trapp Family Lodge was designed for travelers like you to have the best of times with your family.
If you want to experience nature in a different way- the full beauty and splendor, then this ride is not one to miss.
Feel the wind brushing against your face on a cold winter morning in the holidays. Enjoy the blissful sleigh ride in Vermont.
The sleigh rides are mostly offered around the last week of December when your kids are back from school. You can take them for a sleigh ride and have them make the best memories on the sleigh rides.
The sleigh rides are offered through the winter on Wednesdays, Saturdays, and Sundays by appointment only.
If you want to give your children that private experience, book any of these days. Otherwise, you can go any other day of the week.
So when you’re planning for next winter, be sure to include Trapp Family Lodge Vermont as one of your locations.
Adult– $40 for every 30 minutes
Children– $20 for every 30 minutes
Children under 4: For your children under 4, it’s totally free.
Times Opened: December 21st – January 1st
It is not too early to start planning that winter vacation for your family and loved ones. If you want that special sleigh filled winter experience, then mark out Vermont as where you want to visit by the winter.
2. Mountain Top Inn & Resort
Take a ride through New England on this Mountain Top Inn and Resort. This mountain top inn and resort will give you the best horse drawn sleigh ride experiences that you’ve always craved.
Imagine riding a horse-drawn sleigh down the mountains on that beautiful winter evening. Imagine the beautiful mountain views and the scenery. Get to feel like Daenerys riding her dragon in GOT.
Location: 195 Mountain Top Road, Chittenden, Vermont, 05737
Sleigh ride dates: December 21- December 31
Sleigh ride times: 11:00am – 2:00pm
The sleigh rides are mostly per 30 minutes.
You might want to visit here for your horse-drawn sleigh rides. It is really cheap. Adults pay only $10 while children from between 3-17 pay $8.
Like most of the other locations as well, children under 3 get free rides. You can also partake in some cross country skiing. Whichever way, you can have the time of your life here.
The sleigh rides however don’t happen on Christmas day. You’d most probably be having dinner with your family anyway so no love lost.
3. Rabbit Hill Inn
Think about the rides from your favorite movies. If you want to enjoy all of these in reality, all you need to do is visit the Rabbit Hill Inn at Vermont.
Ride dates: All year round.
Prices: Prices vary with activities.
4. Green mountains
Green mountains is one of the best locations to enjoy the grandest rides in Vermont. Here, you can enjoy the best downhill skiing activities on the resorts and take in the beautiful mountain views.
You can also ride through the woods on the horses.
Another great ride is the motorcycle rides. You get to drift through the woods and have enjoy an adventurous and most spectacular dirt ride of your life.
Times opened: based on the chosen event.
Times opened: All year, based on events.
Prices are also based on the activities you engage in on the mountains.
Winter is coming!
The winter is a great time for vacations and enjoyments. Don’t miss out on the best sleigh rides this coming season. Plan your winter activities on time. Give your loved ones the time of their lives.
Every day, people buy used phones. It isn’t a bad idea, especially if you want to avoid the expensive prices of a new phone.
But, buying a used phone increases your chances of using a blacklisted phone. You are probably wondering what a blacklisted phone is.
A blacklisted phone is a mobile device that had been reported stolen or lost. It is a phone blocked by a certain carrier from being used or activated.
The reported phone’s IMEI or ESN numbers are stored in a database called the Blacklist. Most countries share similar Blacklist, and this information can be found on an International database administered by the GSMA.
IMEI is an acronym for International Mobile Equipment Identity and ESN stands for Electronic Serial Number. They are a unique set of numbers hardcoded into all of the latest smartphones in town.
Unlike a SIM card, it cannot be easily removed or transferred to another device. In the case of a stolen phone, it is used for easy identification.
To know your IMEI or ESN number, dial *#06#, and the number should be displayed. Depending on the phone, you can also go to Settings > About > IMEI/ESN and have the number displayed there.
There are various online sites that allow you to check if your phone is in a blacklist database. The only requirement to check is the IMEI number of the phone.
Why is your Phone Blacklisted?
There are various reasons why a phone can be Blacklisted. Below are some of the reasons
1- Improper Information
A mobile phone can be blacklisted due to a lack of proper or adequate information. Network carriers require up to date information to send you phone bills, troubleshoot, etc.
It is advisable to keep your carrier of any change in important information such as credit card updates, address change, to avoid getting flagged by your service providers.
2- Lost or Stolen Phones
Phone theft is inevitable. Due to the expensive costs of smartphones, they are a target of petty thieves. Statistics have it that about 40 percent of thefts in major cities are involved with cell phones.
The high mobile phone theft rate brought about collaborations between the Federal Trade Commission, the Wireless Association and major service providers to introduce phone blacklisting to combat this problem.
3- Phone Insurance Fraud
A phone insurance fraud occurs when a phone owner falsely reports their phone missing, stolen or broken in order to get a discounted replacement.
The carrier then searches for the IMEI or ESN of the “missing, lost or broken” phone, and blacklist it.
Phone Insurance Fraud is a common practice, and difficult to catch. If you end up buying such a phone, it would have been blacklisted.
Although you can get it reactivated, you will have to go through a thorough vetting process.
4- Unpaid Bills
Bill debt is another common reason for blacklisted phones.
A phone might get blacklisted if the person’s account has defaulted on payment.
To have such a phone removed from the blacklist, you’d have to call your carrier and prove to them you are not linked to the defaulted account.
Restrictions of a Blacklisted Phone
Unable to receive or make calls
Unable to send text messages
Access to the internet via Wi-Fi only; no mobile data
Steps to Unlock a Blacklisted Phone for free
Check for the Phone’s IMEI/ESN
The first step in unlocking your blacklisted phone is to check for the IMEI number. You can do this by dialing *#06# on the blacklisted phone.
Contact your service provider
After getting the IMEI or ESN number of the phone you want to unlock, the next thing is to contact your mobile service provider.
Provide your wireless carrier with the necessary information
If you owe money or have not met your service contract requirement, you may not be eligible for a phone unlock.
You must provide your wireless carrier with your IMEI/ ESN number, name, and contact information.
The phone manufacturer and the network provider work together to acquire your unlock code.
Wait to be provided with an unlock code
Your phone’s unlock code might be sent to you via email. In other cases, you might have to visit a local retail store.
Follow the instructions given to unlock your phone
Most times, to unlock a blacklisted phone, you would be required to insert another carrier’s SIM card, then enter the unlock code at a prompt.
After unlocking your phone, you can then make use of any SIM card of your preference.
How to avoid getting a Blacklisted Phone
To avoid the stress of unlocking a blacklisted phone, here are some of the precautions you can take at the point of sale
Check before you buy
If you are buying a used phone, you should call the wireless carrier to verify the IMEI.
This will make you aware of any blacklist issue the phone might have.
You can then decide if you still want to proceed with the transaction or not.
Purchase directly through the carrier
One of the safest ways of getting a phone that is not blacklisted is to purchase through a carrier.
A phone purchased directly from a wireless carrier cannot come off as blacklisted.
Purchase from a reputable used cell phone retailer
Used phones sold by reputable retailers are usually checked on the blacklist database before being put up for sale.
So, if you are looking to buy a used phone, best patronize a well-known retailer.
Blacklisted phones are not of much use unless you are able to get them unlocked. And, if the mobile phone had been reported stolen or missing, then such a phone would be useless.
The only way out is if you plan on moving out of the country to use the phone or selling to someone who lives outside the country.
If you are looking to buy a used phone as a private buyer, it is crucial to go through some verification process before going through with the purchase.
If the seller is unwilling to provide information about the IMEI/ESN number, it is not advisable to go ahead and buy the phone.
The [email protected] project began as a crowdsourced project. Since then, it has proved that crowdsourcing in computing could be a huge success.
The program was sustained for about 21 years. [email protected], unfortunately, seems to have hit its end without the full achievement of its core goal. Does alien life really exist? Have they been able to gather evidences of their presence?
The project appears to have reached a difficult point. In fact, the team feels it has gathered enough data to make the call.
It feels the need to focus on the analysis of the accumulated results that they’ve already gathered.
Will this be the end of the search for confirmation of terrestrial life?
Will there be other ways to proceed towards establishing the presence of other alien lifeforms?
[email protected] is a volunteer-oriented project based in Poland. It uses volunteers such as you to help with researches in Physics and Astronomy. Don’t idle away on the internet.
Don’t slide into a melancholic mood because of the disappearance of [email protected] Instead, focus on discovering and sorting scientific problems of stellar changes and evolution.
Universe @home like the rest of other major computing programs uses the BOINC platform to run the majority of its computations. This means there’s nothing you’re not already familiar with if you’ve already worked on [email protected]
Marble games are a fun way to relax with friends. All you need to enjoy a game of marbles is plenty of marbles, chalk or a marker to draw with, and a friend to make the game competitive.
Marble games can be played in numerous ways. This article is going to cover some of the more popular ways to play with marbles.
How to Play Classic Marble Game Ringer
The conventional and most popular way to play with marbles is the ringer method. This is the method known and used by most children and it is possibly the easiest form of marble games to grasp.
The method is pretty straight forward.
A large circle is drawn in the sand (usually big enough to contain 13 marbles, which could mean about 6 – 11 feet in diameter). The marbles should be positioned in a crossed and spaced 3inches from each other.
The first player begins by trying to hit a marble out of the circle while keeping the shooter in the ring.
If the player misses, the player’s turn is over and the shooter is picked up. Also, the next player gets a chance to hit marbles out of the ring.
If the shooter hits a marble but also rolls out of the ring. The player keeps the knocked-out marble(s) and ends the turn for the next player.
If the shooter hits a marble and also stays in the ring, the player proceeds to shoot again from the position where the shooter ends.
Each new turn sees the shooter take a new position from anywhere outside the ring.
The player with the most collected marbles is the winner of the game.
A Breakdown of How to Play the Classic Marble Game: Ringer
For easier understanding, here is an illustrated breakdown showing how the Ringer is played.
To begin a game of Ringer, all participants will lag from the line that has been drawn tangent to the circle towards the parallel line drawn across the circle which is 10 feet away.
Whoever has the shooter nearest to the line will have the first shot. This is usually the best way to start the game.
A piece of advice to players is to practice lagging because it is possible to win the game before your opponent even has a chance to take a shot.
While lagging, a player can choose to toss their shooter across the line or just shoot it across.
In this image, the first player marked No.1 won the lag is getting ready to begin the game by knuckling down.
It is, however, important to note the knuckle shouldn’t hit the ground yet which is a requisite for shooting.
At this point, any position around the circle can be taken before the shot has been taken. Also, notice the arrangement of the 13 marbles within the circle properly spaced.
In this image, the first player has hit a marble from the circle with the first shot and the shooter still remains in the circle.
The marble has been picked up. Also, taking into account the marble knocked out of the circle, he gets to have another round shooting at the marbles.
Players are not allowed to walk into the circle unless their shooter stops rolling within the circle. The penalty should a player break this rule is one marble.
Here, the first player continues to play on because of the knocked-out marble. He has knuckled down within the circle on the exact location where his shooter stopped after his previous shot.
This move allows him to be nearer to the larger group of marbles places in the center of the ring for his next shot.
Seasoned marble players aim their shots to hit a marble, take it out of the circle while making the shooter remain in the spot.
In this image, the first player hit a marble but it was not knocked out of the ring. Also, the shooter remains within the ring.
The player cannot pick up the hit marble and neither can the shooter be picked up.
The shooter is left there till every other person has had their turn.
The second player begins by knuckling down in any location along the edge of the circle.
In this scenario, the player could aim and shoot at any of the 11 marbles located at the center of the circle. He could also choose to aim at the shooter or the marble hit but not knocked out of the circle by the first player
Here, the second player has decided to aim at the first player’s shooter and hits it out of the circle.
This has allowed the second player to win the marbles taken by the first player, effectively taking out the first player out of the game.
Here, the second player hits a marble but also fails to knock it out of the circle but the shooter goes through the circle and stops outside.
The marble remains where it stopped in the ring and the second player did not get a point. It is the turn of the first player again.
Here, we have player one knuckling down within the circle where the shooter stopped from image 5. He is about to shoot at the marble closest to his shooter.
By hitting the marble at the appropriate angle and eliminating it from the ring, he can get his shooter closer to the center of the ring against the next shot.
Here is a video explaining in detail how to play Ringer.
Other Marble Games
Should you be interested, here are some other marble games you might want to check out:
While playing boss-out, the first player shoots at one marble. The second player then tries to hit the marble of the first player. If successful, the second player collects both marbles.
If the marbles don’t hit but are close, the player uses his or her thumb to span them. Spanning refers to when a player places his thumb on a marble and his index finger on the marble of his opponent.
Subsequently, he draws his hand up while bringing both fingers together. If the player is successful, he gets to keep both marbles.
When this attempt fails, the first player is allowed to shoot at either marble on the playing field.
If any player claims the last marble within the circle, he has to shoot a different marble for the second player to shoot at.
2- NINE HOLES
This name is used to define two different marble games. The first game is miniature golf played with marbles.
The rules are simple here. The players create a miniature course and take turns shooting holes through each hole. The first player to shoot through all nine holes on the course wins.
The second version of nine holes is played using a bridgeboard.
Players go around in turns shooting marbles through the arches in numerical order and arches shot out of sequence are disqualified.
Successful shots through the right arch allow the shooter to take another round.
The winner is the first player to shoot all marbles through the nine holes in the correct sequence.
To play bunhole, a foot-wide hole needs to be dug in the middle of the field.
Players are tasked with attempting to shoot a marble as close as possible to the middle of the hole without the marble going in.
Players are eliminated when their marbles fall into the hole till a winner is crowned.
They are also allowed to knock competing marbles into the hole.
With bridgeboard, a board with nine cuts along the edge is placed on its edge to create nine arches.
The following numbers: “6, 2, 3, 1, 5, 8, 7, 9, 4” are written above each arch, with each number linked to an arch.
Players then attempt to shoot through the arches and win the number of arches written above the hole.
Players who miss their shots hand over their marbles to the board owner.
Here, players attempt to shoot marbles into a hole. If both players have their shooters fall into the hole, they have to start over.
If one player’s marble falls into the hole and the other doesn’t, the player with the fallen marble gets 10 points.
In case neither player has their shooters fall into the hole, the first player starts another round by attempting to hit the marble of the second player.
If the marbles hit, he earns another 10 points and a chance to shoot his marble into the hole for 10 points.
If he missed his opponent’s marble, the second player then attempts to hit the first player’s marble for 10 points and a chance to get the marble into the hole for an additional 10 points.
Whenever a player’s marble goes into the hole, the game restarts with both players going again from the starting line otherwise all shots have to be made from the position where the marble stopped rolling.
The game ends when a player reaches 100 points.
Frequently Asked Questions
As we round up, here are some frequently asked questions about marbles and marble games.
What is the marble game called?
There are numerous marble games that can be played. Examples of marble games are: Boss-out, Chassis, Poison, Black snake, Newark killer, Off the wall, puggy, Skelly, Dropsies, Bridgeboard, Nine Holes, Bunhole, Ring taw, Cherry pit…
How many marbles are in a set?
The number of marbles in a set depends on the kind of set. When playing ringer, 13 marbles are placed in the set while other kinds of marble games require varying numbers of marbles.
What is a shooter marble?
A shooter marble refers to the marble used by each player to knock other players out of the circle or into the hole depending on the type of game being played.
How to play marble solitaire
With marble solitaire also known as peg solitaire, the goal is to move a peg over another into a hole.
You get to move your pegs either vertically or horizontally and pegs that are jumped over get removed. Hence, pegs are only removed per move.
The aim of this is to have one peg left on the board when the game is over.
When were marbles invented?
According to some historians, round stone balls were identified around 2500 BCE near the Mohenjo-Daro in what is known to be Pakistan today.
Marbles have also been referenced in roman poetry like Ovid’s poem “Nux”.
There have been several examples highlighting the presence of marbles throughout human history, each made from different substances ranging from glass to stone or even clay.
What can you do with marbles?
Marbles can be collected either for nostalgia or for art purposes because of its colorful nature but the major use of marbles is to be used to play all manner of games.
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