Unknown Facts About the World

By admin / January 4, 2018
Unknown Facts About the World
​The world is enormous and filled with fascinating places. It is virtually impossible for someone to know everything about it. However, we have a list of unknown facts from around the world that we feel are either interesting and worth knowing. 
  1. Found in the sea, a mantis shrimp can actually create a flash of light with its claws. The shrimp can move the claws so fast that it causes the water around it to boil creating a flash of light.
  2. Have you ever heard the Spain’s national anthem? It actually is just a melody with no words.
  3. We all know how beneficial honey is for us. But did you know that honey doesn’t go bad. You can have honey that was set out a hundred years ago and it would still be good.
  4. The human body is quite interesting, did you know that when you breath. You inhale more from one half of the nose than you do the other. This also alternates every 15 minutes between the nostrils.
  5. If you remove all the atoms in the world that make up humans then the entire population of the world can easily fit into an apple.
  6. It would take 1.2 million mosquitoes to suck an average human once each to drain his whole blood out.
  7. The Sumerians, Egyptians, Mayans, and Chinese all independently developed written language. This means, they had no interaction with one another and had written language before any interaction took place.
  8. It takes a photon about 40,000 years to travel from the core of the sun to its surface. What is interesting is that traveling from the sun’s surface to the earth it only takes it about 8 minutes.
  9. There is a difference of 66 years from the time men first took flight in 1903 with the Wright brothers and the time when we landed on the moon in 1969.
  10. Only 1% of the Caribbean island are inhabited.
  11. 70-80% of the world’s fresh water are stored in glaciers. Antarctic and the Arctic have 99% of the world’s glaciers.
  12. The territory of the seven largest countries make up half the landmass of the world. These are: Australia, Argentina, Brazil, China, Canada, Russia, and USA.
  13. There is a state in the world without a capital, which is Nauru.

Hope our unknown facts about the world have enlightened you and made you a little smarter than you were.

7 Banana Nutrition Facts You Need to Know

By admin / January 3, 2018
Banana Nutrition Facts

Not only are bananas delicious but they are also extremely healthy. They are abundant in nutrients, help with weight loss, and are even beneficial for digestion. Aside from this, bananas have other nutritional benefits which we have on our list for you.

 1. Banana is nutritional

​Bananas have grown to be one of the most popular fruits around the world. They vary in size, shape, and color but are like no matter the size, shape, or color. They also pack a lot of nutrients, a medium size banana which is about 118 grams contains the following:

  • 9% of the daily required Potassium
  • 33% of the daily required Vitamin B6
  • 11% of the daily required Vitamin C
  • 8% of the daily required Magnesium
  • 10% of the daily required Copper
  • 14% of the daily required Manganese
  • 24 grams of net carbs
  • 3.1 grams of fiber
  • 1.3 grams of proteins
  • 0.4 grams of fat

They are low in calories and fat so a wonderful way to consume a lot of the nutrients you need in the day.

 2. Contains nutrients that can help moderate blood sugar levels

Bananas contain pectin which is a fiver that gives the fleet its proper structural form. Slightly unripe bananas also contain resistant starch so with the two, pectin and resistant starch combined a banana can help moderate blood sugar levels. So having a banana after a meal can prove to be quite beneficial.

​3. Improves Digestive Health

As established above, a medium size banana contains 3 grams of fiber. Which make it a good source of fiber. Fiber is known to help with digestion of food but it doesn’t just stop there. Bananas contain resistant starch which helps the large intestine digest food easier with the help of beneficial gut bacteria.

4.​ Improve Heart Health

Banana is a wonderful source of potassium which is known to help control blood pressure. If you lack potassium in your diet then chances are you can face heart problems. If you have a potassium-rich diet then you automatically reduce the chances of heart disease by 27%. Incorporating a banana in your diet can help you get there.

​5. Power antioxidants

​Bananas contain two power antioxidants, catechins, and dopamine. These antioxidants have been linked to reducing the risks of degenerative and heart diseases.

​6. Excellent source of nutrients and snack after workouts

Bananas are quite popular with athletes. They provide them with the nutrients they need before and after workouts. It also reduces the chances of soreness and muscle cramps after workouts.

​7. Bananas help with weight loss

​There are two reasons how banana help with weight loss. It helps with digestion which allows for food to be digested in a better manner and pass through the body. It also helps your stomach feel slightly fuller so you don’t stuff yourself. This makes it a wonderful snack to have when you are hungry rather than eating junk food.

What is the Difference Between Green and Black Olives?

By admin / January 2, 2018
Green and Black Olives

If you love olives, you must have wondered at one point in time, “what is the difference between green and black olives?” Many people think that olives differ in the same manner as a green apple does from a red but that is actually not true.

It depends on how they are harvested

When experts are asked how the two types of olives differ, they will tell you that it depends on how they are harvested. The color the olive takes all depends on their ripeness at the time they are picked along with the curing process they go through afterward. Green olives are those olives that are picked before they ripen and put through the curing process. Black olives are picked when they are ripe. So basically, olives go from green, not ripe, to black, ripe.

It is important to note that raw olives are inedible, they have a strong bitter flavor that is hard for us to take. So once they are picked, they are cured. The process calls for the olives to be put in either salt, water, or brine. The process makes them less bitter and eatable.

How do they differ in taste?

Well, this is a fairly simple question and you can probably answer it yourself by eating a green and then a black olive. Since green olives are not ripe, they are a little denser and also have a more bitter taste than black olives do. However, this may not always be the case because the taste is heavily dependent on the curing process.

Nutrition-wise which is more beneficial?

Olives in general as you might have heard pack a lot of nutritional value. They contain a high amount of mineral like iron and copper along with good monounsaturated fat. Besides this, it also contains vitamin E, flavonoids, and polyphenols, both of which are antioxidants with anti-inflammatory benefits. The nutritional benefits do not depend on the color of the olive so no matter which type you eat, you will get pretty much the same amount of nutritional value.

So you can throw away any myths you might have heard about one olive being better than the other. As long as you are having an olive, you will reap its benefits. Now all you have to do is decide whether you want a green one, which is generally more bitter or the mild, black one.

What is the Official Language of USA?

By admin / January 1, 2018
Official Language of USA
​America is considered to be one of the most multicultural and ethnic countries around the world. If we look at the statistics, there are over 336 different spoken languages in America and over 176 indigenous dialects. Around 47 million Americans converse in a language other than English in their home. These figures are astonishing. What is even more astonishing is the fact that America didn’t have an actual “official” language until 2006. 

Yes, English has been considered to be America’s official language but it wasn’t made official by the government until 2006. English was voted as the national language of the country as the government feared the heavy influence immigrants were having in the country. To counter the influence, the government decided to officially vote on making English the official language, which was passed.

Even before the federal government had announced plans of making English the official language, over half the states in the US had already stated it as their official language, 31 states to be exact. Out of all the states in the US only Hawaii is bilingual which also recognises Hawaiian Pidgin English as its official language.

While English is considered to be the official language, the US is a melting pot in terms of culture and language. That is why you find native speakers from various languages in the country with Spanish, Mandarin, French, and Cantonese being the top spoken language along with English in the US.

According to linguists, you can find over 24 different dialects of English within America. Now most people would think by dialect we refer to accent, but that is not the case. While accent also differs from regions dialect refers to the: grammar, vocabulary, syntax, and common expressions used. So if you thought that English was homogenous throughout the US, you were wrong.

Interesting fact: Many people claim that German was also once considered to be the official language of the US. The story goes that in 1795, the government voted to declare an official language in the US and English won over Germany with a 42 to 41 vote. However, this story has been refuted and is now considered a myth. That still doesn’t change the fact that Germans make up a lot of the US population.

In the US, English maybe the official language. However, in metropolitan cities you can virtually get away with speaking Spanish or any of the top 5 language that are spoken in America. This is because the country is made of immigrants and you can’t go a block without finding someone that can either speak Spanish, French, or Mandarin. Which is one of the reason why America is considered as a melting pot of culture and languages.

How Long Does Gum Take to Digest in the Body?

By admin / December 1, 2017
how long does gum take to digest

​The short answer to this question is, “The same amount of time it takes for your body to digest other kinds of foods.”

It’s amazing that human have been chewing gum for over up to 9,000 years. What’s even more amazing is that with modern science, technology and advances in medicine, most people are still unfamiliar with the intricacies of our digestive system and how gum is treated in our guts.

In fact, we’ve probably been exposed to a number of food myths since we were children. Your parent or peers may have told you that eating carrots is so good for your eyes that you can gain the ability to see in the dark. Or maybe you’ve heard that eating bread crusts can contribute to having curly hair. Or perhaps you’ve seen on TV that eating large quantities of sugar can give you a “sugar high” and make you hyperactive. These myths are just that: myths without scientific basis. But perhaps you’ve heard the most famous food myth about chewing gum.

We have all probably heard at one point in our childhood that gum, when swallowed, will stay in our stomachs for 7 years before becoming digested and expelled from the body. Maybe we’ve even taken up the challenge and intentionally swallowed a piece of gum and waited several years just to see what would happen. However, if you’ve done this, you would have found yourself abandoning the experiment after a few weeks or months because nothing bad happened

Well, for those of you who quit keeping track after several months or years, that’s completely fine because the legends are untrue. Gum, when swallowed, is dissolved in our gastric juices and shot out of our bodies when we go to the toilet. The truth of it all is just an unexciting as digesting non-chewing gum foods. It’s true that gum isn’t 100% digested but that’s not exactly a problem. If you’ve ever eaten whole pieces of corn kernels, then… You know where I’m going with this: the non-digested parts come out of our bodies as waste.

Our digestive system is a complicated and effective system which breaks down foods. When swallowing, the food travels down the esophagus into the stomach. Enzymes and acids in the digestive tract begin the digestion process. Partially digested foods are transferred into the intestine where the food is broken down into its components and absorbed by the body, with the help of our livers and pancreas. The digested parts of our food are converted into energy to power our bodies. Anything leftover is left undigested until they are sent to and through our colons and turned into waste.

Although our stomach doesn’t break down pieces of gum as it would other for other foods, our bodies can keep the gum flowing smoothly within our digestive system through regular intestinal activity. After our bodies absorb whatever it can from the sticky candy, we expel the gum from our bodies through having a bowel movement.

This isn’t to say that swallowing gum can’t be problematic. Similar to swallowing other rubbery substances, if you eat and swallow a large amount of gum in a short period of time, it can obstruct the digestive tract. However, these cases are extremely rare and won’t happen unless you intentionally partake in mounds and mounds of chewing gum.

Young children will need to be taught that chewing gum is for chewing and not swallowing. This may be a difficult concept to grasp but when the candy loses its sweetness and becomes bland in flavor then hopefully they’ll get the gist. However, even children who swallow small amounts of gum will most likely not suffer from a blocked digestive tract.

Chewing gum is basically treated like a foreign body and, although gum will be digested when it reaches the stomach, it can cause blockage similar to other foreign objects like coins, sunflower seed shells, and plastic. This is because of the ingredients used to make the chewing gum isn’t all that digestable.

Candy gum is made with natural or synthetic materials like gum resin, flavorings, preservatives, and sweetening agents. The body absorbs the sweeteners which can accumulate into a lot of calories if you chew gum excessively. However, the body is unable to process the gum resin and the ingredient is pushed through the digestive tract by normal intestinal movements (peristaltic). Your gum’s journey to the center of the stomach ends with a visit to the bathroom.

In general, you shouldn’t allow young children to chew on gum until they understand the complicated concept of “spit it out when it’s no longer sweet.” Until you child understands, usually at around age 5 or age 3 for super advanced young geniuses, just stick to giving them other teeth-rotting sweets. However, if your younger sibling is asking for a piece of gum, just ask mom and dad if it’s okay.

For older children who are experienced in the art of gum-chewing and bubble-blowing, remind them that too much of the sweet can have terrible consequences. Unless the gum is sugar-free (and flavor-free), excessive gum chewing can lead to cavities. Even sugar-free gum with sorbitol added to it can cause unintended effects like diarrhea. A good rule of thumb to follow is limit yourself to one to two pieces of sugar-free gum per day, and when you’re done, just spit the thing out into the nearest garbage receptacle.

So the next time you’re chewing on a piece of gum and find yourself in a sticky situation without a napkin to place your gum in, or you take a trip to Singapore and are smuggling chewed pieces of gum in your mouth illegally, remember that you can swallow your gum with confidence and with little to no negative consequences. However, refrain from doing this repeatedly in a short period of time, and especially avoid swallowing the gum mound if you’ve inserted multiples pieces of the cavity-causing candy into your mouth.

How Long Does Jellyfish Sting Last?

By admin / November 14, 2017

How Long Does Jellyfish Sting Last?

If you love going to the beach and taking a dip in the water then chances are you have had an encounter with a jellyfish. As cool as they may look, jellyfish can be quite dangerous especially if you get trapped in the middle of a school of them. When they come in contact with humans, jellyfish tentacle release a venom which feels like a sting. A single sting from a jellyfish may not be deadly but it hurts quite a lot and may cause other problems. If you are trapped in the middle of a school however and get stung multiple times there is a chance it may result in death.

How long does the sting last?

If you are stung by a jellyfish, you will feel intense pain right away. You will feel a burning sensation that tends to last anywhere from one to several hours, depending on how intense the sting was. You can also develop welts along the area of the sting which can last up to 2 weeks usually. Another problem people face is skin rash after being stung which can occur with the welts and the rash can last anywhere from one to four weeks.

It is important you leave the site of the sting and get out of the water immediately after you are stung. Especially if you have been stung by a box jellyfish whose sting can be fatal. You will need immediate attention in case of a box jellyfish sting as an antivenom is required.

Once stung by the jellyfish you should rinse the area where stung with hot water. This will help remove any part of the tentacle that is left on your skin, saltwater will also work. You don’t want to use the following on the affected area: gasoline, kerosene or urine. When the area is clean, you can use an ice pack which will help with the pain. Vaseline works great to secure the affected area. Depending on whether you develop welts or rash, you should treat the area accordingly.

In case you have allergies to the sting, you should call for help immediately. If you face any of the following symptoms it means you are allergic to the sting:

  • Hives on your body

  • Swelling of any part of the body especially the mouth, lips, throat, or tongue

  • Shortness of breath or breathing problem

  • Loss of consciousness

It is important you go ready. It is understandable that you intend to have fun at the beach. However, accidents can happen and jellyfish are quite common around the world. So it is better you go prepared so you can easily manage if you or anyone in your family is stung by a jellyfish.

How to Unscrew a Stripped Screw

By admin / November 12, 2017
how to unscrew a stripped screw

It’s happened to the handiest of us, we aimlessly work at a unscrewing a screw only making it stripped. Stripped screws may seem like a nuisance, but there are some neat ways to easily unscrew them. So don’t get too frustrated trying to unscrew a stripped screw, try our tips and you should have no problem.

Slightly stripped screw

If the screw is not completely stripped, yet doesn’t unscrew easily with a screwdriver then all you need is a rubber band to provide some grip. You put the rubber band over the end of the screwdriver and place it on top of the screw. It should fit properly as the rubber band easily adds a little more surface space for the screwdriver while easily adapting to the shape of it. You can turn the screwdriver and the screw should become loose.

Completely stripped screw

When it comes to completely stripped screws chances are you are going to need some additional tools. You can first start with a drill and screw extractor. Screw extractors can be tricky as they come in different sizes and shape so you need to make sure you get the right one for the stripped screw. Once you have it, you put the extractor on the drill and set the drill motion to reverse. You then go at the screw with the drill and extractor and the screw should easily come out.

Another way to unscrew a stripped screw is by cutting a notch in it. This isn’t a good option if the screw is deep into the object since you will use a rotary tool, there is a chance you may damage the object. If you do decide to go with this approach then all you have to do is cut a straight line across the screw with a rotary tool. This will make a single slot in the screw which can easily be unscrewed with a flathead screwdriver.

Stripped screws aren’t the only problem at times, screws are drilled too deep making them hard to get out. If that happens then we have a solution for you. With the help of wood plug cutter, you can easily create enough room for a screwdriver to reach the screw. You cut the region where the screw is with the wood plug cutter which will give you more than enough space to easily fit a screwdriver and unscrew it. Note, that this approach will mean cutting some wood and leaving a bigger hole in the object.

Most of us tend to give up when it comes to stripped screw, leaving them as they are. That is a solution if you are fine with it being there. However, if you are looking to upgrade or make any changes to furniture or a device then it is important that you unscrew that stripped screw. With more than one way to unscrew a stripped screw, you can now easily do it.

Kosher Salt vs Regular Salt – What’s The Difference?

By admin / November 10, 2017
Kosher Salt

Before getting into the difference between kosher and regular salt, it is important to understand that taste wise the two are the same. So you can substitute one for the other but there is a catch to it. Have you ever substituted kosher salt for regular salt and found the food to be bland? Or maybe you did it the other way around and found it to be too salty. You wonder why that is?

Content of salt differs in regular and kosher salt

The makeup of the two salt differs quite a lot, so if you substitute one for the other then you need to keep that in mind. Kosher salt is bigger in size, however, lighter and flakier while regular salt is more compact and uniformly sized. So when substituting one for the other, you need to make sure you substitute it properly. For example, if a recipe calls for 1/3 a cup of kosher salt but you decide to use regular salt, you will end up using a lot more salt than the recipe calls for. Since the size is more compact, there would be a lot more grain of salt in 1/3 cup of regular salt than that of kosher salt which is larger in size. Which would make your food a lot saltier. The easy solution to this is to measure by grams so you can ensure you get the right amount.

Regular Salt

The reason why most chefs prefer kosher salt is because of its size. Since the salt is bigger and has lesser “salt” content, you can easily season food with it and taste it. It gives you more control over how much salt to use. A pinch of regular salt will be stronger than a pinch of kosher salt. So it is safer in a way to use kosher salt because it isn’t as strong. Also, due to its size, kosher salt is easier to handle. With smaller grains, regular salt can easily slip through the hands even if you want to stop using it whereas kosher salt would remain.

The type of salt you use in your food doesn’t make much of a difference, taste wise. So if you run out of kosher salt, you don’t need to panic. You can easily substitute it with regular salt but make sure you sprinkle it in and taste it as you do. After all, regular, kosher, and sea salt all have the same chemical makeup of sodium chloride.

When Do You Use the Pound Key on a Phone?

By admin / November 8, 2017
IVR system

​The pound key was introduced on a phone touchpad in the 1970s by Bell Labs. It was originally called “octothorpe.” The key has numerous different names around the world from pound, number, and hash. The reason for introducing both the star and pound key on a phone was to allow phone callers access to telephone-computer systems.


Today, many companies have an IVR system installed. The system is automated and with the help of the touchpad, you can tell the system exactly what you want. If you need to enter a number for the system to understand then the number is generally followed by the pound/hash key. In entering the pound key, you let the system know that you have entered your desired number. Without entering the pound key at the end, the computer would not be able to figure out the number you have entered.

Access to the phone system

Smartphones use computer-based chips and are a lot smarter than we think. Now, many people are unaware but they can actually dig deep into their phones, look at how it actually functions and what it runs with the help of their touchpad. Many smartphones come with specific keys that start with the pound button and end with it. These codes are usually known to experts that allows them to really get into the computer system of the phone. The pound sign in the code tells the system the beginning and end of the code which then presents the information requested.

In this case the pound sign is again used to not only end a specific code for the computer to read but also start it.

As phones get more and more advanced, we can see the use of hash button starting to dwindle. Yes, you still use it on IVRs but even IVR systems are getting smarter and some are just voice controlled. So it will be interesting to see if the touchpad will evolve with the advancing of computers and phone systems. However, for now, the pound symbol plays a vital role allowing people a way to speak to telephone-based computer systems and the phone itself. So don’t expect much to change.

What is the Difference Between a Turtle and a Terrapin Turtle?

By admin / October 3, 2017

According to the taxonomic order of chelonian that comes from a Greek word, both turtle and terrapin turtle fall in the class of reptiles. They have all the characteristics of reptiles such as scales, breath oxygen, lay eggs and they are both cold-blooded. However, these replies have distinctions among themselves, which arise from different habitats in which they live. In countries like Australia, the terminology varies from sea turtle to tortoise, while in the United States, the name turtle refers to those that live in or near the waters. With that in mind, there are common differences between the two reptiles.


Turtles are mostly or rather complete aquatic animals. They inhabit seas, oceans, lakes, and rivers. Turtles, on the other hand, do spend long time in water and only come on dry land when it is time to lay eggs. An example is the sea turtle. Other types of turtles live a double life. They tend to swim in freshwater ponds and lakes and spend time on dryland basking in the sun and digging in the mud as well.

They have webbed feet, which enable them to swim fast and to stay strong. They have streamlined body while the sea turtle has long flippers. Different turtles have different diets. Some are vegetarians and some are omnivores; they eat sea-vegetation, small invertebrates, small insects and some eat jellyfish.

The shell

Turtle shells consist of approximately 50-60 bones covered by interlocking plates known as Scutes, which builds the exoskeleton. The bottom half of the turtle shell is called plastron and the top is called carapace. As it seems, the shell is not only protective to the life of a turtle. It also has fixed nerves, which are receptive to feelings such as pressure of weight and pain. Turtles accumulate growth rings showing the spurts relative to the scarcity of the food. This is contrary to the belief that you can tell the age of a turtle by the number of rings on the shell. Turtles can live for up to 150 years.

Terrapin Turtles

On the other hand, Terrapins are turtles that adapt to semi-aquatic life. They stay mainly in salty waters and near brackish or rather swampy placeless. Their genus is like a mix between turtle and tortoise, because of the time spent both in water and in dryland. Terrapins are small with hard shells shaped like those of turtles. Their bodies bear streamlines and rounded dome shapes like those of tortoise. The word terrapin originates from an Algonquian Indian word, which means little turtle. Terrapin turtles have a lifespan of around 30-40 years unlike that of sea turtle.

Terrapin Turtle

In ponds, large water tanks and aquariums, it should have adequate heating and lighting, the water temperature should be between 30 and 35 degrees. Their sizes range between 22 and 25 centimeters. Most of the sea turtles are cold-blooded or rather ectothermic, which means they cannot regulate their body temperatures. This depends on the surroundings and this feature favors the turtle because it enables them to lower their metabolic rate. Hence, they require less oxygen and stay underwater for a long time. Sea turtle can travel a long distance in water and the male turtle is able to navigate its way back to their natal beaches. At times turtles do get stranded or even die when they experience cold water or tropical temperatures.

Types of terrapin turtles

Terrapin turtles fall into three different categories:  red-eared, yellow-bellied, and Cumberland sliders. They live across the southern states of North America. Some of the terrapins are only active during the day or when provided with light. They live on different foods such as rodents, plants, insects, eggs, and birds. Female terrapins tend to grow larger than males, while their babies grow very rapidly to that size of dinner plate.

This animal needs a lot of care since it is somehow delicate on the habitat. Terrapins are the most dimorphic, for instance the North America turtles. They usually mate in winter season whereby a female lays approximately 22 eggs, which hatch at the end of winter. The males reach sexual maturity at the age of 2 to 5 years while the female stays up to 6 years. When approached, they flee away because they are timid creatures.

They have no gills so they breathe in air for oxygen requirement. Statistically, terrapins are endangered creatures since their number has been waning low. This could be due to habitat destructions, death on roads, and drowning in crab traps. In some places, people consider them a delicacy. All the same, reliable organizations have come out across the world to support these little beautiful creatures.


Tortoises are practically entirely land-dwelling animals. They got stubby feet and they do not swim well as turtles and terrapins. They only visit water bodies to drink water or wash themselves, though they easily die in deep waters or in strong currents. Their bodies are not streamlined and are used to terrestrial life. They show off high domed shells and column-shaped feet with sharp claws, which help in digging in the ground.

The greatest distinction is that tortoises in many areas are herbivorous and commonly eat low-lying shrubs, weeds, fruits and many forms of vegetables. Unlike the turtle, the tortoise uses it shell for protection against hot weather, from predators, and other endangering conditions like the desert. Female tortoises use their front legs with sharp claws to dig their nest for laying eggs.


Both Turtle and Terrapin do not use teeth to crush their food since they have no teeth, they have very strong and powerful jaws with ridges adapted to crushing their food and their mouths are shaped like that of a birds beak. Turtles and terrapins are human-friendly since some of them are kept as pets in houses and even commercial places in aquariums. Both Terrapins and turtles crawl very slowly when on dryland while in water they swim very fast. They both use their shell to hide and when relaxing to avoid disturbances.

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