Wildlife and Animals in Pennsylvania

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Types of wildlife in PA

Pennsylvania is a region that is so diverse in wildlife. According to recent statistics, there are some 71 native mammal species found in the state, but 11 of these have become extinct.  Some of the most popular mammals here are; The mountain Lion, Wolverine, Gray wolf, Lynx, bison and Moose. By definition, wildlife should include wild mammals, and wild birds( including game and non-game species) According to the Pennsylvania  Game commission, there are some 480 species of wild mammals and birds in the state of PA, and out of these,  there are some 414 wild bird species alone, and 284 of these are regular habitants of the local habitat, while the remaining 129 are frequent visitors to the state.

Many of the wildlife mammals in PA are scarce or going into extinction, however , most of the bird species are thriving within their natural habitats. The Peregrine falcon is one of the most prominent bird species in PA, and it is often referred to as a “Raptor bird”, or bird of prey. The adult of this bird species do possess blue-gray wings with some darkish-brown back, while their faces are predominantly white. Falconry birds are quite popular in PA, and they are a group of raptors that mostly hunt for other animals for survival.

Peregrine falcon

Fish species of PA include; Chain pickerel, Crappie (black and white), blue gill, Pumpkin seed, walleye, Yellow perch, sun fish (red breasted), Muskellunge, American shad, rock bass, and trout. The availability of these species will depend on the weather conditions or season.

Great Horned owl

Flowers , plants and trees contribute immensely to the survival of wildlife in PA, and there are hundreds of these species either existing or going into extinction. Commonest tree plants include; Red maple, silver maple, River Birch, Bitternut Hickory, Eastern cottonwood, Oak(willow , pin or black), and Pawpaw. Commonest shrubs include ; Buttonbush, silky dogwood, Ninebark, and Rosebay. Commonest flower plants include; Sneeze weed, Turtlehead, Boneset, Closed Gentian, Summer Phlox, Cardinal flower, and Purple stem aster.

  • Humming birds –they are among the smallest birds in the world, and they have iridescent feathers. They are named Hummingbirds because they flap their wings very fast that they create humming sounds.

  • Bronze Frog (Lithobates clamitans) – They got their names from their skin colour. They are mostly found in swamps and stream sides.

  • Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeianus)-this is an amphibious frog belonging to the Ranidae family that are also referred to as “True frogs”. It is also referred to as African bull dog or pixie frog. They are quite large and aggressive in nature.

  • Grey tree frog (Hyla chrysoscelis) – This is a small arboreal frog that is about 2 inches long. It has a predominantly grey or brown colour, with some blotches located on its back. They have granular skins and large toe pads.

  • Northern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitus)- these are a group of frogs belonging to species of hylid frog that are native to the United States. Even though , they belong to the tree frog family but they are not arboreal.

  • The Pickerel frog- This is a small frog with square designs that look like hand-drawn objects located on the frog’s dorsal surface. These are large frogs that measure between 2 and 4 inches in body length. They also have 2 rows of dark-squarish spots on their backs.

  • Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer) – this is a small chorus frog and it is so called by this name because of its chirping call that usually marks the beginning of the spring season. The frog grows to about 1.5 inches in length.

  • Wood Frog (Lithobates sylvaticus)- this is a type of frog that can resist adverse weather conditions especially in winter season when it freezes and thaw literally when temperatures fluctuate. They do have shades of red or brown colours on their skin.

  • Sphinx Moths aka Hawk Moths- these are a family of moths that are also referred to as “Hornworms”. They are mostly seen in the tropics. They have narrow wings and streamlined abdomens that help them adapt to rapid flight. They normally over in the air while feeing on nectars of flowers, and they can be sometimes mistaken for humming birds.

  • Broad-headed Skink (Eumeces laticeps)- This is a broad-headed skink that belongs to a family of lizards and they are endemic to South Eastern parts of the United States. These are the largest skinks in the South Eastern part of the country and they usually have orange to red heads with greenish-brown bodies.

  • Eastern Fence Lizard(Sceloporous undulatus)-these are medium size species of lizard that are mostly found along the forest edges , rock piles, stumps and rotting logs. They have spiny bodies, which mean their skin is rough, with some pointed scales located on their backs and often possess gray to brown colours.

  • Five-lined Skink (Plestiodon fasciatus)- these species of lizard are also referred to as “Eumecs” and they can grow from 5 to 8.5 inches in length. They are characterized by shorter legs alongside a streamlined body. The exterior part is characterized by a mix of golden brown, black, orange and the tail has a shade of blue.

  • Italian Wall Lizard(Podorcis sicula)- this lizard is also referred to as ruin lizard or Turkey lizard , it is referred to as a habitat generalist because it can be found in many habitats but mostly prefer a structural complex habitat. The lizard is characterized by shades of green and brown colours.

  • Northern Coal Skink(Plestiodon anthracinus anthracinus)-This lizard has been in existence since the 1890s and it is endemic to the Northern American region. It can grow to between 5-7 inches in body length, and consumes predominantly insects.

  • Porcupines- This is a rodential animal characterized by a body coat filled with spines- these ensure that the animal is protected against predators. This is the prickliest of rodents in the world today, and there are about 2 dozens of porcupine species. Porcupines can weigh as much as 30kg, however they are considered to be slow animals.


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Gallery Title: Gallery Description: Sub-Categories.: Total

Animal Tracks
Animal Tracks-Mammals, Birds etc. 0 11

Bird Nests
Bird Nests, eggs and young in the nest 0 18

Song birds, water fowls, herons, cranes, etc.

There are plenty of photos! They are in sub-categories by Species to make then easier to view ^__^ (Why they aren’t counted in “Total photos” is beyond me)

52 45

Birds :Falconry
Falconry birds.
NOTE: This may be graphic
2 1

Birds of Prey–Raptors
Owls, hawks, eagles, kestrals etc.
There are plenty of photos! They are in sub-categories by Species to make then easier to view ^__^ (Why they aren’t counted in “Total photos” is beyond me)
19 34

Birds: At the feeders
Just some shots of visiting birds. (not always good shots) 0 3

Birds: Not Native to PA
Photos taken on vacations or of pets. You might see escaped birds such as Guinea Hens, Peacocks, Parrots etc. 0 9

Hummingbirds 0 26

Camouflage & Mimicry
Things that look like other things. 0 12

Critters YOU find 2010
Photos sent us for ID. These were all found in wild in PA. Normally I wouldn’t do this but I think you’ll find it interesting and useful. 0 11

Critters YOU find 2011
Photos send to us for identification. All rights to photos belong to the photographers. 0 37

Crocodilians-Not native to PA
NO Crocodilians are native to PA but are often released by irresponsible pets owners. 0 9

Fish Species of PA 0 19

Since we never bring anything home-here’s some of our fishing photos. 0 7

Flowers & Plants
Flowers, Plants, Trees 0 723

Frog: Bronze Frog
Bronze Frog (Lithobates clamitans) (Formerly -Green Frog (Lithobates clamitans melanotus) formerly Northern Green Frog(Rana clamitans melanota 0 33

Frog: Bullfrog
(Lithobates catesbeianus) formerly(Rana catesbeiana) 1 14

Frog: Grey Treefrog Complex
Eastern Grey Treefrog(Hyla versicolor) & Cope’s Gray Treefrog(Hyla chrysoscelis) 0 13

Frog: Midland Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris triseriata)
Formerly Western Chorus Frog*Protected Species
0 1

Frog: Mountain Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris brachyphona)

*Protected Species

0 2

Frog: New Jersey Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris kalmi)Formerly
(Pseudacris ferairum kalmi)*Endangered
0 1

Frog: Northern Cricket Frog
(Acris crepitans) formerly Eastern Cricket Frog (Acris crepitans crepitans)

*Endangered Species-2010

0 3

Frog: Northern Leopard Frog
(Lithobates pipiens) formerly(Rana pipiens) 0 3

Frog: Pickerel Frog
(Lithobates palustris)formerly
(Rana palustris)
0 9

Frog: Southern Leopard Frog
(Lithobates sphenocephalus utricularius.)-
formerly listed by the PA Fish and Boat commission under
as Coastal Plains Leopard Frog (Rana utricularia and Rana sphenocephala) Changed 2010*Endangered
0 8

Frog: Spring Peeper
(Pseudacris crucifer)
Formerly Northern Spring Peeper (Pseudacris crucifer crucifer)
0 21

Frog: Upland Chorus Frog
(Pseudacris feriarum) formerly(Pseudacris feriarum feriarum)

*Protected Species

0 3

Frog: Wood Frog
(Lithobates sylvaticus) formerly(Rana sylvatica) 2 16

Frogs & Toads-Not Native to PA
Frogs and Toads not native to PA-Photos taken on vacations, or of pets, etc. 0 17

Insects: Beetles
Beetles 29 128

Insects: Butterflies
Butterflies 8 83

Insects: Caterpillar Look Alikes
Sawfly larvae, Syrphid Fly larvae, etc. 0 17

Insects: Caterpillars
Moth and Butterfly Larvae plus..

*Also includes eggs, pupa, cocoons, chrysalis, etc.

1 241

Insects: Caterpillars To Adults
Caterpillar and adult (moths and butterflies) 0 16

Insects: Ants
Ants 0 17

Insects: Bees, Wasps, Hornets
Bees, Wasps, Hornets, YellowJackets.

Some species are divided into subcategory by species. So there are lots of photos.

19 20

Insects: Flies
Craneflies, Dragon flies, etc. 26 67

Insects: Grasshoppers, Katydids, Crickets
Grasshoppers, Katydids, Crickets 3 28

Insects: Hoppers & Cicadas
Leaf, Tree & Plant Hoppers & Cicadas—-Suborder Auchenorrhyncha – Free-living Hemipterans

Divided into 6 sub-categories.

6 23

Insects: Misc. Insects
Aphids, Walking Sticks, True Bugs, Assassin Bugs, Wheel Bugs, Water Bugs, Cockroaches, etc. 16 12

Insects: Preying Mantis
Just lots of photos of Mantids 0 82

Insects: Found Outside of PA
Insects I find on vacations, etc., that are NOT native to PA but really cool! 0 8

Insects: Insect Eggs
Insect Eggs, Galls, etc. 0 9

Insects: Insect Killing Fungii
Such as Entomophthora fungus 0 1

Insects: Moth Art
Art Created With Live Moths-
No moths were killed making this art work
0 4

Insects: Moths 2000, 2001, 2002
Moths 2000, 2001, 2002 0 43

Insects: Moths 2003
Moths 2003 0 18

Insects: Moths 2004
Moths 2004 0 6

Insects: Moths 2005
Moths 2005 0 33

Insects: Moths 2006
Moths 2006 1 288

Insects: Moths 2007
Moths 2007 1 186

Insects: Moths 2008
Moths 2008 1 330

Insects: Moths 2009
Moths 2009 1 806

Insects: Moths 2010
Moths 2010 1 344

Insects: Moths 2011
Moths 2011 1 93

Insects: Moths 2012
Moths 2012 1 402

Insects: Moths :Sphinx Moths
aka Hawk Moths, Hummingbird Moths, Clearwings, etc. 0 93

Insects: Parasites
Such as wasp larvae and cocoons on caterpillars etc. 0 4

Lizards: Broadhead Skink
revised common and scientific name for the Broad-headed Skink, Eumeces laticeps, is Broadhead Skink, Plestiodon laticeps 2010

*Protected Species

0 1

Lizards: Eastern Fence Lizard
(Sceloporous undulatus)formerly
Northern Fence Lizard (Sceloporous undulatus hyacinthinus)*Protected Species
0 1

Lizards: Five-lined Skink
(Plestiodon fasciatus) formerly(Eumeces fasciatus) 0 11

Lizards: Italian Wall Lizard
(Podorcis sicula) Introduced Species 0 1

Lizards: Northern Coal Skink
(Plestiodon anthracinus anthracinus) formerly(Eumeces anthracinus anthracinus)

*Protected Species

0 2

Lizards: Not native to PA
Lizards not native to PA. Photos taken on vacation, zoos, abandoned pets, etc. 0 2

Looking for Wildlife
Looking for Wildlife to take photos 0 32

Mammals-Not native to PA
Photos taken on vacations, zoos,etc. Occasionally you might see escaped or exhibit animals or pets. 0 7

Mammals: Bats
Bats 0 6

Mammals: Bears
Bears 0 33

Mammals: Beaver Family
Beaver 0 1

Mammals: Canines
Wolves, Coyote, Foxes 4 2

Mammals: Deer Family
Elk, White-Tail Deer 0 10

Mammals: Felines
Mt. Lion, BobCat, Lynx 0 6

Mammals: Groundhog
Marmota monax 0 3

Mammals: Jumping Mice
Jumping Mice 0 0

Mammals: Mole Family
Mole Family 0 0

Mammals: New World Mice and Rats
Deer Mice, Voles, Muskrats, etc. 0 14

Mammals: Old World Mice and Rats
Norway and Black Rat, and House Mouse 0 0

Mammals: Porcupine
Porcupines 0 6

Mammals: Rabbits and Hares
Rabbits and hares-Lagomorpha 0 20

Mammals: Raccoon
Raccoons 0 4

Mammals: Shrew Family
Shrew family-Soricidae 0 3

Mammals: Squirrel Family
Squirrels, Chipmunks 5 27

Mammals: Weasel Family
Fishers, Weasels, Mink, Badger, Skunk, Otter 0 14

Pouched Animals-Opossum 0 12

Millipedes & Centipedes
Millipedes & Centipedes 0 26

Mixed Species photos
Photo containing more than one species in the same location such as different turtle and snake species etc. 0 8

Mushrooms & Fungi
Toadstools and fungi, etc.

*Note-If anyone who comes here can ID any of these-I’ll be grateful for the help.
Some IDed by Roger’s Mushrooms. Thanks!

*A huge Thanks to “Coondog” already!! Awesome

0 150

Range Maps: Frogs
Species by species range maps. 0 13

Range Maps: Lizards
Species by species range maps. 0 5

Range Maps: Salamanders
Species by species range maps. 0 23

Range Maps: Snakes
Species by species Range Maps..where they are supposed to be. Compiled from various sources. 0 23

Range Maps: Toads
Species by species range maps. 0 3

Range Maps: Turtles
Species by species range maps. 0 15

Salamander: Allegheny Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus ochrophaeus)
Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander
0 6

Salamander: Blue Spotted
Ambystoma laterale 0 1

Salamander: Common Mudpuppy
(Necturus maculosus maculosus) 0 1

Salamander: Eastern Hellbender
(Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis)

*Protected Species

0 2

Salamander: Eastern Mud Salamander
(Pseudotriton montanus montanus)


0 2

Salamander: Eastern Tiger Salamander
(Ambystoma tigrinum) 0 1

Salamander: Four-toed Salamander
(Hemidactylium scutatum)

*Protected Species

0 1

Salamander: Green Salamander
(Aneides aeneus)

*Threatened Species

0 1

Salamander: Jefferson Salamander
(Ambystoma jeffersonianum)

*Protected Species

0 1

Salamander: Longtail Salamander
(Eurycea longicauda longicauda) 0 15

Salamander: Marbled Salamander
(Ambystoma opacum)

*Protected Species

0 2

Salamander: Mud Puppy
(Necturus maculosus)

*Protected Species

0 1

Salamander: Northern Dusky Salamander
(Desmognathus fuscus) 0 20

Salamander: Northern Ravine Salamander
(Plethodon electromorphus)

*Protected Species

0 1

Salamander: Northern Red Salamander
(Pseudotriton ruber ruber) 0 16

Salamander: Northern Red-backed Salamander
(Plethodon cinereus) 0 30

Salamander: Northern Slimy Salamander
(Plethodon glutinosus) 0 17

Salamander: Northern Spring Salamander
(Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus) 0 24

Salamander: Northern Two-lined Salamander
(Eurycea bislineata) 0 6

Salamander: Red-Spotted Newt/Red Eft
(Notophthalmus viridescens viridescens) 0 13

Salamander: Seal Salamander
(Desmognathus monticola) 0 1

Salamander: Spotted Salamander
(Ambystoma maculatum) 0 12

Salamander: Valley and Ridge Salamander
(Plethodon hoffmani) 0 1

Salamander: Wehrle’s Salamander
(Plethodon wehrlei) 0 1

Snails and Slugs
Snails and Slugs 0 17

Snake: Copperhead
(Agkistrodon contortix mokasen)
(formerly Northern Copperhead)
CNAH still lists Northern Copperhead/PA does not want toVENOMOUS!*Protected Species
0 32

Snake: Easily Confused Snakes
Others often confused 0 3

Snake: Easily Confused Snakes-Venomous VS Non-Veno
Easily Confused Snakes Camparisons
Venomous VS Non-Venomous
0 10

Snake: Eastern Earthsnake (aka Smooth)
Virginia valeriae)
formerly Eastern Smooth Earthsnake (Virginia valeriae valariae)HARMLESS*Protected Species
0 2

Snake: Eastern Gartersnake
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis


10 54

Snake: Eastern Hognose Snake
(Heterodon platirhinos) formerly(Heterodon platyrhinos)


*Protected Species

7 33

Snake: Eastern King Snake
(Lampropeltis getula getula)
No longer listed as PA Species
My listing here is based on Historic data. I’m leaving it here because one was found in Lehigh County several years ago.HARMLESS
0 7

Snake: Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake
(Sistrurus catenatus catenatus)



0 4

Snake: Eastern Milksnake
(Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum)


0 24

Snake: Eastern Ratsnake (formerly Black Ratsnake)
Elaphe alleghaniensis (name used by the PA Fish Commission as of 2007) or
Pantherophis alleghaniensis
or Scotophis alleghaniensis (CNAH)(formerly Elaphe obsolete obsolete)HARMLESS
2 28

Snake: Eastern Ribbon Snake
(Thamnophis sauritus sauritus)


*Protected Species

0 13

Snake: Eastern Worm Snake
(Carphophis amoenus) formerly(Carphophis amoenus amoenus)


*Protected Species

0 7

Snake: Kirtland’s Water Snake
(Clonophis kirtlandii)



0 2

Snake: Midland Ratsnake
(Scotophis spiloides)
Newly listed speciesHARMLESS
0 12

Snake: Mountain Earthsnake
(Virginia pulchra)formerly Mountain Smooth Earthsnake (Virginia valeriae pulchra)


*Protected Species

0 1

Snake: Northern Black Racer
(Coluber constrictor constrictor)


2 9

Snake: Northern Brown Snake
(Storeria dekayi dekayi)


0 11

Snake: Northern Red-bellied Snake
(Storeria occipitomaculata occipitomaculata)


0 36

Snake: Northern Ringneck Snake
(Diadophis punctatus edwardsii)


0 42

Snake: Northern Water Snake
(Nerodia sipedon sipedon)


0 21

Snake: Queen Snake
(Regina septemvittata)


*Protected Species

0 6

Snake: Rough Green Snake
(Opheodrys aestivus)formerly(Opheodrys aestivus aestivus)


*Threatened Species

0 16

Snake: Shorthead Garter Snake
(Thamnophis brachystoma)


*Protected Species

0 1

Snake: Smooth Greensnake
(Opheodrys vernalis)
Formerly Eastern Smooth GreensnakeHARMLESS*Protected Species
0 20

Snake: Timber Rattlesnake
(Crotalus horridus)


*Protected Species

5 22

Snakes: Not Native to PA
Snakes that are not native to PA. Some photo were taken while on vacations, pets, etc. and some were taken of snakes that were released here by irresponsible pet owners. 0 21

Sometimes I get bitten
The dangers for the perfect photograph-oops! 0 13

Spiders and their kin
Spiders and their kin 9 98

Spiders: Dangerous Spiders of the United States
The ones you really have to worry about being bitten by. 0 3

Toad: AmericanToad
(Anaxyrus americanus) Formerly(Bufo americanus) 6 40

Toad: Eastern Spadefoot Toad
(Scaphiopus holbrooki)

*Protected Species*

0 3

Toad: Fowler’s Toad
(Anaxyrus fowleri) formerly
(Bufo fowleri)
0 10

Turtle: Blanding’s Turtle
(Emys blandingii) formerly (Emydoidea blandingii)

*Protected Species

0 3

Turtle: Bog Turtle
(Clyptemys muhlenbergerii) formerly (Clemmys muhlenbergii)


0 4

Turtle: Common Map Turtle
(Graptemys geographica) formerly Northern Map Turtle 0 5

Turtle: Common Musk Turtle
(Sternotherus odoratus)
aka Stinkpot
0 13

Turtle: Eastern (Common) Snapping Turtle
(Chelydra serpentina serpentina) 0 14

Turtle: Eastern Box Turtle
(Terrapene carolina) formerly (Terrapene carolina carolina)

*Protected Species

1 16

Turtle: Eastern Mud Turtle
(Kinosternon subrubrum) formerly (Kinosternon subrubrum subrubrum) 0 14

Turtle: Eastern Red-Bellied Turtle
(Pseudemys rubriventris)
Formerly Northern Red-Bellied Turtle or just Red-Bellied Turtle*Threatened Species
0 6

Turtle: Eastern Spiny Softshell Turtle
(Apalone spinifera spinifera) 0 3

Turtle: Midland Spiny Softshell Turtle
(Apalone mutrica mutrica) 0 1

Turtle: Musk VS Mud Turtle
Comparison shots 0 4

Turtle: Northern Painted Turtle
(Chrysemys picta) formerly Midland Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta marginata)& (Chrysemys picta) formerly Eastern Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta picta) 0 25

Turtle: Red-eared Slider Turtle
(Trachemys scripta elegans) Introduced Species 0 13

Turtle: Spotted Turtle
(Clemmys guttata)

*Protected Species

0 13

Turtle: Wood Turtle
(Glytemys insculpta) formerly (Clemmys insculpta)

*Protected Species

0 16

Turtles: Just looking! 2009
Some photos I took while walking. 0 20

Turtles: Just Looking! 2010
Some photos I took while walking. 0 6

Turtles: Not Native to PA
Turtles that are not native to PA. So far this only includes escaped and released pets found in PA in the wild. 0 7

Undetermined Sub-species
Includes: Painted Turtles (Eastern & Midland), Toads (American & Fowlers), Dusky Salamanders, crossbreeds (yes it happens), etc. 0 2

Wild Places and Scenery
Photos of scenery I’d like to share. 0 63

Earthworms, Flatworms, etc. 0 5

Y Photo Usage: DCNR Photos
Photo Usage 0 1

Z Photo usage: PA Game Commission Photos
Photo Usage 0 1


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